The bones of female jaws tend to be thinner than those of male jaws, especially the back angles below the ears and the ridge along the lower edge.
Seen from the front, female facial frames tend to be narrower at the bottom. like an inverted triangle with the chin as its lower point, whereas male jaws look squarer. This is why, when the chin reduction is performed for feminization purposes, it is usually necessary to perform a jaw tapering to give the jaw bone a more triangular shape that will harmonize with the chin size and shape.
When seen from the side, there are some characteristics that are not typically male or female, but can lead people to perceive the jaw as masculine or feminine: when the back corners are high, close to the ear, and the outline of the jaw ascends diagonally from the chin, the appearance will be more feminine than when the back corners are low and the jaw is more square. These back corners look more feminine when they are rounded than when they have defined vertexes.
The muscles of the jaw area also have different characteristics in men and women. The masseter muscles (the muscles of biting and chewing) tend to be much more developed in men than in women.
The surgeon makes an incision on the lower gums and accesses the jaw bone. He might perform a reduction of the ridge that runs like a cornise along the jaw bone with special electric drills. This tapers the jaw sides. He usually trims or grinds the back corners too. This means a reduction of the jaw’s height, and makes the jaw shape softer (which is associated to "female"), but the most important goal of removing the vertexes of the rear angles is not related to the angled shape being a gender treat itself, but to making the facial frame look narrower from the frontal view. There are many women with well defined jaw angles (lately they have become the preferred ones among models and actresses), but their facial frames are narrower than male ones most of times. Contouring the lower facial third makes the whole face look narrower and thus more female.
When the masseter muscles are too thick, they can get a surgical reduction, although long lasting hormone treatments produces a mass reduction that is similar.
Usually, this surgery is combined with chin feminization surgery to get a harmonious contouring of these two adjacent facial areas.
Patients who are older than 40 years may need to have a face lift and/or a neck lift done to tighten the excess skin and highlight the feminization of the unerlying bony frame.
The incisions for this surgery are usually made inside the mouth, through the bottom gums, along the jaw line. The scars result then completely invisible.
See our results. This page gathers before and after photo examples of our facial surgeries.